21585996 Na Nov 02 scaled

In the startup industry JavaScript and Python, two of the most popular languages are in high demand. Python-based backend frameworks such as Django (Python), Flask (Python), and NodeJS (JavaScript) are used by the most startups. For beginners these languages are also considered to be the best programming languages to learn. 

In demand below is a list of the most popular programming languages in 2023.

1. Javascript
2. Python
3. Go
4. Java
5. Kotlin
6. PHP
7. C#
8. Swift
9. R
10. Ruby
11. C and C++
12. MatLab
13. TypeScript
14. Scala
15. SQL
16. HTML
17. CSS
18. NoSQL
19. Rust
20. Perl


The high-level programming language is JavaScript that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web. By 97.8 percent of all websites it is used as a client-side programming language. To develop web browsers JavaScript was originally used, but they are now used for non-web browser applications as well server-side website deployments.

In 1995 JavaScript was created. It was initially known as LiveScript. At that time Java was a very popular language, so it was advertised as a “younger brother” of Java. Java is often confused with JavaScript. The two languages are distinct and although there are some similarities between them.

Top 10 Reasons to Learn JavaScript :

LevelBeginner to Intermediate
Skills NeededHTML and CSS to define the content and layout of web pages
PlatformCross-platform (desktop, mobile, web)
Popularity Among ProgrammersThe most popular programming language in the world
Benefitsi. Easy to learn and implement
ii. On the web it is used everywhere
iii. Within the client-side browser it can run immediately
iv. On the website server reduces the demand
DownsidesCan sometimes be interpreted differently by different browsers which makes it difficult to write cross-browser code.
Degree of UseWidely used , highly applicable
Annual Salary Projection$112,152

2. Python

Python is easy for beginners to learn because of its readability. And it is one of the most popular programming languages today. With extensive support modules and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications it is a free, open-source programming language. For machine learning and deep learning applications it is a popular programming language.

To develop 2D imaging and 3D animation packages like Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk Python is used. To create popular video games, including Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown it has also been used. For scientific and computational applications like FreeCAD and Abacus and by popular websites like YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, and Instagram Python is used. Average annual salaries of about $109,092 Python developers earn.

LevelBeginner – Python enables a beginner to become productive quickly
Skills NeededProblem-solving, abstract thinking
PlatformWeb, Desktop
Popularity Among ProgrammersBecoming continuously more popular
Benefitsi. Flexible
ii. Naturally/Intuitively readable
iii. Highly regarded official tutorials and documentation
iv. Scripted as opposed to compiled
DownsidesDoesn’t start with programming basics (known to abstract too many important basic concepts)
PopularityBecoming continuously more popular both in technical education and business uses
Degree of UseCoding skills widely used; popular in both technical education and business use
Annual Salary Projection$109,092

3. Go

For APIs and web applications Go was developed by Google in 2007. Due to its simplicity, as well as its ability to handle multicore and networked systems and massive codebases Go has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages.

Go was created to meet the needs of programmers working on large projects and it is also known as Golang. Thanks to its simple and modern structure and syntax familiarity it has gained popularity among many large IT companies. Including Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, among many others companies using Go as their programming language. Among data scientists because of its agility and performance Go is also gaining its popularity.

An average annual salary of $141,654, and hitting up to $261,000 Go developers can earn.

LevelBeginner to intermediate
Skills NeededEasy to learn if you already know at least one other programming language; otherwise, you just need patience and a willingness to learn.
PlatformCross-platform, mainly desktop
Popularity Among ProgrammersNot as popular as Java or Python, but it has been increasing in popularity
Benefitsi. Widely considered a “minimalist” language
ii. Easy to learn
iii. Transparent code
iv. Compatible
v. Fast
DownsidesNo generics (which means you may end up writing more code than you would in other languages), very little library support, Go developer community is not very robust or supportive
Degree of UseWidely used, particular for Google applications (created at Google)
Annual Salary Projection$141,654

4. Java

One of the most popular programming languages used today is Java.

In web and application development as well as big data Java is widely used. On the backend of several popular websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube Java is also used. In hundreds of applications it is also used extensively. Very popular new Java frameworks like Spring, Struts, and Hibernate. There are hundreds of ways to learn Java, with millions of Java developers worldwide. To solve problems Java programmers have an extensive online community and support each other.

Around $109,225 each year the average Java developer earns.

Skills Neededi. Problem-solving
ii. knowledge of the object-oriented structure
Platform:Web, Mobile, Desktop
Popularity Among ProgrammersOne of the world’s most popular; high demand
Benefitsi. Regarded as a good start for learning to think like a programmer and gain coding skills
ii. You’ll be able to access/manipulate the most important computer functions, like the file system, graphics, and sound for any fairly sophisticated and modern program that can run on any operating system.
DownsidesLots of new vocabulary to learn; a higher-level language
Degree of UseHighly applicable, Widely used
Annual Salary Projection$109,225

5. Kotlin

A general-purpose programming language originally developed and unveiled as Project Kotlin by JetBrains in 2011 is Kotlin. In 2016 the first version was officially released. With Java  it is interoperable and supports functional programming languages. for Android apps, web application, desktop application, and server-side application development Kotlin is used extensively. Better than Java Kotlin was built, and people who use this language are convinced. On Kotlin most of the Google applications are based. Kotlin as their programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates among many others Some companies are using.

An average of $136,000 a year Kotlin developers earn.

LevelIntermediate to advanced
Skills NeededPrior experience with programming languages, particularly Java
PlatformWeb, Mobile, Desktop, Server
Popularity Among ProgrammersIncreasingly popular, used for Android applications
Benefitsi. Less code-heavy than Java and other languages
ii. Relatively easy to adopt
iii. Fully compatible with Java 
DownsidesFluctuating compilation speed; no static keyword in Kotlin
Degree of UseHighly applicable, Widely used
Annual Salary Projection$136,000

6. PHP

An open-source programming language is PHP created in 1990. This language is used to build more than 80% of websites on the Internet, including notable sites like Facebook and Yahoo and many web developers find it essential to learn PHP.

Mainly to write server-side scripts Programmers mainly use PHP. To write command-line scripts, and programmers with high-level PHP coding skills can also use it to develop desktop applications developers can also use this language.

For beginning developers PHP is considered a relatively easy language to learn. To several dedicated online communities, making it easy to get support and answers to questions PHP professionals has accessed.

Average annual salaries of about $107,409 PHP programmers earn.

LevelBeginner to intermediate
Skills NeededSimple if you have a background in programming languages, but relatively easy to learn for newcomers
PlatformCross-platform (desktop, mobile, web)
Popularity Among ProgrammersUsed by nearly 80% of all active websites, so it’s very popular with web developers
Benefitsi. Open-source
ii. Easy to develop and may be integrated with many different tools
iii. Cost-effective and flexible with database connectivity
Downsidesi. Not very secure
ii. not well-suited for large applications
iii. poor error-handling
iv. cannot support a large number of apps
Degree of UseWhile it’s used by the vast majority of websites, its use is declining
Annual Salary Projection$107,409

7. C#

For the .NET framework. Anders Hejlsberg, the creator of C#, says the language is more like C++ than Java it is one of the most used programming languages.

For applications on Windows, Android, and iOS, as it takes the help of the integrated development environment product, Microsoft Visual C++ , C# is best suited. Several popular websites like Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch C# is used on the back end.

Around $111,760 per year C# developers earn.

Skills NeededA basic understanding of how to write code
PlatformCross-platform, including mobile and enterprise software applications
Popularity Among ProgrammersRelatively popular, but not as popular as Java (its closest rival)
Benefitsi. Fast 
ii. Simple to use
iii. Object-oriented
iv. Scalable and updateable
v. Interoperable with other codes
vi. Open source
vii. Extensive library
DownsidesLess flexible, as it depends on Microsoft’s .Net framework; poor x-platform GUI
Degree of UseUsed by roughly one-third of all software developers, particularly relevant for Microsoft developers
Annual Salary Projection$111,760

8. Swift

In 2014 for Linux and Mac applications Apple developed Swift.

Almost everything from the programming language Objective-C Swift supports, and it is an open-source programming language that is easy to learn. Compared with other programming languages Swift requires fewer coding skills, and with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix it can be used. In popular iOS apps like WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, SoundCloud, and even in the game Flappy Bird Swift is used.

Around $106,652 the Professionals who develop iOS applications take home average annual salaries.

LevelBeginner to intermediate
Skills NeededWillingness to spend time reading tutorials (which are widely available); no prior experience with programming languages required
PlatformMobile (Apple iOS apps, specifically)
Popularity Among ProgrammersGaining in popularity, especially among Apple iOS application developers
Benefitsi. Relatively easy to learn
ii. Clean syntax
iii. Less code
iv. Faster than comparable programming languages
v. Open source
DownsidesStill a young language; poor interoperability with third party tools, lacks support for earlier versions of iOS
Degree of UseUsed extensively for creating iOS apps used on the iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch
Annual Salary Projection$109,652

9. R

R is essentially a different version of the S language and it is an open-source language. For S runs on R without modification much of the code that developers write.

For processing statistics, including linear and nonlinear modeling, calculation, testing, visualization, and analysis applications built in R are used. R can interface with a number of databases and process both structured and unstructured data applications coded used.

It is not as easy for beginners to pick up as some other languages in this article and R has a moderate learning curve. R boasts an active online community of developers, which is always a plus when learning new coding skills, like other open-source programming languages.

 Average annual salaries of about $90,940, R developers earn.

Skills NeededEasier if you already know Javascript or Python, but it’s recommended for people with a firm grasp of mathematics
PlatformMainly desktop
Popularity Among ProgrammersNot nearly as popular as it once was, mainly due to rival language Python’s soaring popularity
Benefitsi. Open source
ii. Great support for managing data
iii. Wide variety of packages available 
iv. Cross-functional with Linux, Windows, and Mac OS
v. Ideal for machine learning applications
DownsidesObjects are stored in physical memory, which can strain resources, lacks basic security, slower than MatLab or Python
Degree of UseWidely used for analytics
Annual Salary Projection$90,940

10. Ruby

Consider Ruby, if you want to start with a language that is known for being relatively simple to learn. It was designed to have a more human-friendly syntax while still being flexible from the standpoint of its object-oriented architecture that supports procedural and functional programming notation and it was developed in the 1990s.

On Rails (“RoR”) a web-application framework that is implemented in Ruby is Ruby. For being an easy language to write in and also for the relatively short learning time required Ruby developers thought it. To a large community of Ruby developers and a growing interest in the language among beginning developers these attributes have led.

Around $121,000 per year the average salary for a Ruby developer.

LevelBeginner – Ruby and Ruby on Rails have evolved to become extremely popular for web developers.
Skills NeededProblem-solving, abstract thinking (ability to visualize what application users want to see)
Platform Web
Popularity Among ProgrammersOn the rise
Benefitsi. Flexible
ii. The syntax is considered easy to read and to write (no specialized “vocabulary” to get started)
iii. Enforces good programming style 
Degree of UseLeast broadly used
Annual Salary Projection$121,070

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